“La acidez y el encalado de los suelos”. Revista Ciencia y Técnica en la Agricultura Cañera (La Habana, Cuba) N° 2. Act p: Principales fuentes de acidez • La Acidez en suelos viene de H + y de los iones de Al 3+ en la solución del suelo y adsorbido a la superficie de las partículas de . Acidez y encalado de los suelos. Instituto de la Potasa y el Fósforo, Quito, Ecuador. 42pp. INPOFOS. Manual Internacional de Fertilidad de Suelos.

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Influence of agricultural pratices on the stability of organic-Al complexes in alu-andic andosol: However, P-Olsen gradually decreased after the first year, until it returned to its initial level. We might connect stream, current, flux, flow and evolution encapado being manifestations of motion; expurgation, disinfection, refining, bowdlerization and whitewashing as being manifestations of cleaning.

This whole strategy is essential to keep a sufficient proportion of legume species in the pastures.

We do not think that this is linked to the fact that only at Lonquimai alfalfa was cultivated. Andisols, phosphorus, aluminium toxicity, soil acidity. Second, liming had a temporary effect: In this locality, exchangeable Al content was the highest among all the samples, which caused high toxicity and a poor growth in the grassland; this, in turn, strongly limited phosphorus uptake, which probably explains the observed imbalance.

The program consisted shelos i liming, ii correction of the P status, and iii sowing forage plants. We measured soil fertility of fields after 1 to 4 years since start of the program, and compared these fields against fields under old permanent natural grasslands, used to estimate the baseline soil test values for the properties considered in this study.

Alex values were not significantly different between the first and the fourth year, but exhibiting a slight decrease during the period at Cunco.

We chose a synchronic approach. This outcome is consistent with a number of studies on liming in Southern Chile.

Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Santiago, Chile, pp. They were compared to fields that received the program one, two, three or four years earlier and were located near enough of the control plots so that the characteristics in terms of soil condition and cultivation history were similar.


The cm layer was sampled in October and in Octoberusing a gauge.

Academic Press, Australia, pp. Soils of these five localities are classified as andisols Vitric-Silandic Andosol as mentioned by Salazar et al.

Acidez de los suelos y efectos del encalado

Cultivation practices in the five localities studied. Meaning of “encalado” in the Spanish dictionary. Jean Roger-Estrade E-mail address: Spanish words that begin with enc.

Moreover, Alfalfa is able to absorb significant quantities of phosphorus, thanks to its well-developed root system Nichols et al. In this location, the decrease of P-Olsen probably results from phosphorus consumption by alfalfa Nichols et al. We measured soil characteristics and grassland productivity, but in this paper, only the soil data are presented. The impacts of the program on acidity pH and exchangeable aluminum were different among localities. Exchangeable Al content measured in different localities of the precordillera and the cordillera, Araucania Region south of Chile.

Ubicado en Catamarca, su casco urbano, escasamente habitado, conserva casas pintorescas de doble encalado Moreover, grasslands in those municipalities are grazed, as opposed to Lonquimay, where only hay is harvested. In order to answer these questions, we selec ted a series of fields that participated in the program in four municipalities of the Precordillera and in one municipality of the Andes Cordillera. Climate is humid with an average annual precipitation amount of 2, mm and temperate cold: Estudios de la Zona No Saturada del Suelo 7.

For the analysis of exchangeable aluminium, 5 g of dry soil were added to a solution of ammonium acetate 1M, and shaken for 30 minutes, before filtering. Those fields are considered as control in the following tables. En la India, Kalia ct al.

In the Southern temperate part of Chile, andisols are the dominant soil type. At Cunco, exchangeable aluminum was not affected, while pH increased initially but decreased to its initial value within four years.

Acidez y encalado de los suelos – José Espinosa M. – Google Books

For the analysis of exchangeable aluminium, 10 g of dry soil were added to a solution of KCl 1M, then shaken for aicdez minutes at room temperature. Advantages of high density planting of hazelnut orchards in Suwlos Chile; preliminary data, in: El impacto del programa sobre la acidez pH y aluminio intercambiable y disponibilidad de P fue diferente entre localidades. They could be explained by the above-mentioned changes in the pH. This analysis led us to propose several possible ways to improve the program’s effectiveness.


Spanish words that begin with e. This study provided important results for the improvement of the program.

Acidez de los suelos y efectos del encalado | Horticulture International

Chemical properties of volcanic soils affected by seven-years rotations. The program focuses on improving the availability of phosphorus through phosphate supplements and liming, in order to decrease acidity and the content aicdez free aluminium in the soil.

Instead, at Sulos exchangeable aluminum decreased significantly, and pH remained slightly higher than the control syelos through the first four years. At Lonquimay, the pH was stable over the whole period, and slightly higher than the control value four years after the programm was applied. As seen above, the actions taken in the program were unable to correct consistently the pH in all localities but Lonquimay.

These two fertilizations were not sufficient to guarantee the maintenance of available phosphorus levels in the years after encalaeo application of the program. Such strategy should be based on a balance of P that takes into account the increase of output due to the increase of the pasture productivity. Louis Milton Thompson, Frederick R. It is more likely due to the unsufficient amount of lime added to the soil: