The main side effect of this process is the formation of geometric and positional isomers of the unsaturated fatty acids, primarily trans isomers of fatty acids (TFA). Aim. Within the TRANSFAIR Project (“Assessment of trans fatty acid intake and relationship with risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in European countries”), . Los ácidos grasos trans (AGT) están presentes en la dieta habitual de los .. Treatment with dietary trans 10 cis 12 conjugated linoleic acid causes isomer.

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Trans fatty acid also increase the cellular accumulation and the secretion of free cholesterol and cholesterol esters by hepatocytes in vitro. This change has resulted in an increase in consumption of compounds chemically altered due to the process of hydrogenation called trans fatty acids.

These findings show an excessive contribution of saturated fatty acids and also a considerable supply of trans fatty acids.

The importance of trans fatty acids for health. As we all know the diet is one of the so-called environmental factors that are better defined, and within the food, the type of fats are more closely associated with macronutrient levels and quality of plasma lipids. Are we sure that our children do not exceed these intake levels?

Compared with cis -unsaturated fatty acids, structure, physical properties e. As discussed above these differences in the intakes of t FA are directly related to eating habits among different countries, as well as the type of fats that are commonly used for the manufacture of foods animal fats, butter, margarine, shortenings, hydrogenated vegetable oils.

In addition, it surprises the low content of these compounds in snacks or appetizers, but nevertheless, it should be noted that in many cases these foods have been prepared with saturated vegetable fats coconut oil, palm oil or palm kernel oil and therefore are not highly recommended. Engl J Med ; Login to my account Register.

Also, in some cases naturally occurring trans fatty acids in smaller amounts in meat and dairy products from ruminants cows, sheepthese trans fatty acids are produced by the action of bacteria in the ruminant stomach by reactions of biohydrogenation.


The fatty acids found in nature have their double bonds in the form of cis isomers, with this configuration which gives them the essential character. Fatty acids composition of different commercial Spanish food with diverse origin of fats animal, vegetable oils, partially hydrogenated were analysed by gas-liquid chromatography GLC using capillary columns. On the other hand, in another study conducted by Clifton et al.

SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. BMJ,pp. Eur Heart J, 17pp. Serum cholesterol predictive equations with special emphasis on trans and saturated fatty acids; an analysis from designed controlled studies.

This change has not only physical and biological implications as we shall see later, but also from a nutritional point of view, since the transformation process of a cis form to trans form represents a loss of value of essential fatty acids, and therefore will be taken into account, in order that the intake is appropriate. In this sense, it seems prudent to restrict the intake of the products mentioned above with a higher trans fatty acids content and potentially widely extended consumption among our children, mainly due to its attractive presentation and high palatability bakery and confectionery products, industrial products, fast-food, hamburger, French fries and appetizers or snacks.

Lipid, 36pp.

Àcid gras trans – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Cancer Lett,pp. Within the TRANSFAIR Project “Assessment of trans fatty acid intake and relationship with risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in European countries”an European Concerted Action, the content of fatty acids FAespecially trans T FA in foods has been analyzed and its intake has been estimated with the same methods in 14 European countries in order to assess the relationship to cardiovascular risk factors.

Although the effects of t FA in the early stages of life and its possible negative consequences have not been sufficiently studied, it has been established an inverse correlation between t FA level and polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFA content in blood of premature, in fetal tissue, umbilical blood of babies to term and plasma phospholipids in healthy children.

Ann Rev Nutr, 4pp. Official EEC Methods for analysis of oils.

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To aciddos our services and products, we use “cookies” own or third parties authorized to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Trans fatty acids intake and risk of myocardial infarctation. Our results also show a decrease of these compounds in some bakery products due to replace of hydrogenated fats for edible oils.

Am J Clin Nutr, 62pp. Since the 80’s to date, there have been numerous research papers in order to know the possible effect of trans -isomers of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids on cell metabolism.

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Acidos grasos con isomeria trans I. Su origen y los efectos en la salud humana

Official Dairy of European Communities. From these studies, it appears to be convenient increase the levels of linoleic acid C Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Currently there are more data about the effects that the intake of trans fatty acids may have on the human body in general, and its long term consequences on the metabolism in stages of growth and development of children.

Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart disease. A small amount of TFA are present in natural food, but they are mainly found in industrial food. The objective of this review is to evaluate the available data until now on the nutritional and clinical aspects of trans fatty acids and food sources in which they find themselves, in order to advise some dietary recommendations that may help to the consumer in general and our children in particular.

To cia our graaos and products, we use “cookies” own or third parties authorized to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior.

Ácidos grasos trans y nutrición | Endocrinología y Nutrición

Fatty acids intake and risk myocardial infarction. In vitro, trans fatty acids alter the secretion, lipid composition, and size of apolipoprotein B apoB particles produced by hepatic cells. Eur J Clin Nutr ;