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PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Levav was the coordinator of this program. National Institutes of Health provided cooperation in this area. The Pan American Health Organization PAHO joined WHO in these efforts and has been working diligently to develop policies, plans, and services and to update legislation on mental health and the promotion of human rights.
Velazco Alzaga focused primarily on conducting a situation analysis of mental health in the Region. During his tenure, Dr. At this event, actions were proposed for the development of regional subprograms on: A meeting was later held with the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean, in which a declaration similar to the Caracas Declaration was adopted first in Devon, Barbados, and later at an expanded meeting that included Martinique.
Strengthen the multisectoral approach to mental health; Promote family and community participation. Inthe name of the technical unit was prehispannicos to the Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Unit to indicate the subject areas in which it worked. Five major subject areas are mentioned:. Using the available information, which focused primarily on the availability of beds in psychiatric hospitals, rates of mortality associated with mental disorders, and institutional admissions, an initial quantitative analysis of problems related to psychiatric care in the Region was conducted.
A technical collaboration program was launched in almost every country in the Region, which lasted for several years in the s. Mental Health in the New Millennium Dr. A consensus was reached during this forum on the need to shift away from the classic insane asylum model and to put an end to custodial practices.
In September, the PAHO Directing Council discussed and adopted a technical document and a resolution on mental health that, among other things, urged the Member States to: Brazil, Mexico, and Jamaica This last organization issued prehispanico grant for compiling all existing psychiatry and mental health laws in Latin America and the Caribbean.
A similar, shorter-lived group was created in the Andean subregion. Some major events took place in Some of the most important elements of antecedentew period were: Indeed, one of the noteworthy final recommendations urged that no more psychiatric hospitals be created and that alternative services to treat mental illness be offered as part of public health programs.
Technology, Health Care and Research.
The launch of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America during the Caracas Conference in Venezuela, held between 11 and 14 Novemberwas an historic event in this period. Mexkco on Mental Health in the Caribbean, Kingston, From December and OctoberDr. The highlight of this event was a Declaration that established the principles to advance reform in the Hemisphere. Five major subject areas are mentioned: Dissemination of the Brasilia Principlesa programming document marking a major adjustment in the approach to restructuring mental health programs and services in the Region; Evaluation of the countries’ mental health systems using the methodology of the World Health Organization’s Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems WHO-AIMS ; Emphasis on technical support for countries so that they can meet appropriate achievement levels pziquiatria the implementation of their National Mental Health Plans; Strengthening technical cooperation in child and psiquiatriw mental health.
Some of the most important elements of the period were:. Another notable element in was a major project financed by the Psiquitaria. To this end, he visited every country in the Region and noted the existing programs, active psychiatric care services, and psychiatry education programs offered at the different universities.
Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
Between July and OctoberDr. If we were to evaluate the historical development of mental health services in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the Caracas Declaration as a point of reference, marked progress would clearly be observed in the majority of countries. Inthe work “Temas de Salud Mental en la Comunidad” [Mental Health Issues in the Community] was published and widely disseminated throughout the Hemisphere, particularly in universities and technical health schools. The Administrative functions are since then covered by the Management Area.
At both subregional meetings, hospitalization in psychiatric institutions was criticized for the first time, and it was recommended that psychiatric care be included in public health systems and activities. Nevertheless, many nations in the Region still have a great deal of ground to cover.
Administration of Mental Health Services]. Technical and financial support from the U.
It offers a new opportunity to examine the issue and make it a priority on governmental agendas. The Technical Units psiqukatria Projects, whose nature is essentially technical.