Adult apterae and immatures of Aphis nerii are bright yellow-orange or lemon- yellow, with dark antennae. The pictures below show live immatures on one of. Aphis nerii Oleander aphids on tropical milkweed – Aphis nerii Aphis nerii Oleander Aphid – Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe, – Aphis. Donald J. & Richard E. White. A Field Guide to Insects: America North of Mexico. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., Species Aphis nerii – Oleander Aphid.
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The host range of the oleander aphid includes several genera of Asclepiadaceae GomphocarpusAsclepiasand Calotropis and Apocynaceae Nerium and Vinca. Coccinellidaeshowing the variable background colour.
In most parts of the world only female Oleander aphids are present. No sexual forms have been observed in the field, all adult morphs being parthenogenic and viviparous apterous or alate females. They are probably preyed on by Hoverflies, Diptera: The aphus maturation period is primarily due to slower development.
Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Aphis Insects described in Invasive insect species. Apocynaceae 10 naturalised Butterfly weed, Pleurisy root Asclepias tuberosa L. Terminal growth of oleander heavily infested with oleander aphids, Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe. Individuals of Aphis nerii and Uroleucon hypochoeridis an aphid species feeding on Hypochoeris radicata show a behavioral response to visual stimulation in the form of spinning or twitching, which is often accompanied by coordinated kicks executed with their hind legs.
Parasitized “mummies” Range e. Figitidae parasitoid 10 adventive Aphelinus gossypii Timberlake, Wasp Hymenoptera: This adventive aphid is found in many countries especially in tropical and subtropical regions including many Pacific islands. Some ants live in close proximity to, and tend to aphids. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: The population biology of predators, parasites and diseases.
However, relatively few studies have directly linked maternal phenotype or environment to offspring vital rates. Normally aphids require nnerii skills for their identification.
It is mainly found plants in the family Apocynaceae. The alate female head and protnotum are dark, with dark wing veins. National Bureau of Argriculturally Important Insects. Parasitoids Five species of wasps have been reared from Oleander aphids. In a second experiment, they examined how chewing herbivores indirectly mediate interactions between milkweeds and aphids.
Factsheet: Oleander aphid – Aphis nerii
Pteromalidae parasitoid 10 adventive Adalia bipunctata Linnaeus, Two-spotted ladybird Beetle Coleoptera: Interestingly, this behaviour is highly synchronized among members of a colony, and repetitive visual stimulation caused strong habituation. Ecology 89 8 Aphis nerii is an aphid of the family Aphididae. Adults and nymphs have three pairs of aphid and a pair of antennae. Some of these are hyperparasitoids, parasites of parasites. The body of a wingless adult is about 1. Aphis nerii apihs distributed more or less worldwide in warmer climates.
There were no population differences for any life history or morphometric traits of winged aphids that are important contributors to fitness or migratory ability such as time to reproductive maturity, fecundity or wing length.
Behavioral Ecology and Nerik 18 Colour and aposematism Aphis nerii is often given as an example of an aposematic insect which is warningly coloured and contains toxic chemicals e.
Population ecology of Aphis nerii on oleander. Oleander aphids sequester cardiac glycosides, recognized heart poisons, from their host plants Rothschild et al. Colonies then reappear in late summer and autumn when plants aphjs producing new growth. Feed on the sap of plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, including milkweeds formerly in their own family, the Asclepiadaceae.
oleander aphid – Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe
Aphididae on a leaf of a Swan plant Gomphocarpus fruticosus Apocynaceae. Altogether it is known to feed on 16 plant families, such as Crassulaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, and Euphorbiaceae. It is thought that the oleander aphid is an obligate parthenogenetic species; thus the adult aphids are all female and males do not occur in the wild. The cost of being able to fly in this species should favour reduced production of winged individuals in populations that exploit more permanent host plants.
The winged adult also has black on its head, thorax middle part of the body legs, and cauda.
Aphididae Introduction – Distribution – Description – Life Cycle – Damage – Management – Selected References Introduction Back to Top The oleander aphid, Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe, sometimes called the milkweed aphid, is a common pest of several important ornamental plants in the families Apocynaceae and Asclepiadaceae. The sap has a high volume of water and sugars, more than the insect needs. When it wishes to feed the aphid moves the tip of the rostrum to the surface of a leaf or stem.
The body length of adult Aphis nerii apterae is 1. Such control is seldom called for, but if necessary, insecticidal soaps or oils can be used. Common Names Oleander aphid, Swan plant aphid, Milkweed aphid. America North of Mexico. This species probably originated in the Mediterranean region, the origin of its principal host plant, oleander.