Apomixis and Polyembryony in the Guggul Plant, Commiphora wightii. PROMILA GUPTA, K. R. SHIVANNA and H. Y. MOHAN RAM. Department of Botany, Uni. In botany, apomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual .. “Asynchronous expression of duplicate genes in angiosperms may cause apomixis, bispory, tetraspory, and polyembryony”. Biological Journal of the . Polyembryony is the phenomenon of two or more embryos developing from a single fertilized . “Polyembryony and seedling emergence traits in apomictic citrus”. Scientia Horticulturae. – doi/a

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Not to be confused with automixis or autogamy.

Polyembryony and apomixis in Eriotheca pubescens (Malvaceae – Bombacoideae).

For English speakers, Maheshwari [8] is very influential. Abstract The present report is a part of our study on the reproductive biology of a traditional Indian medicinal plant, Commiphora wightiia source of guggul steroids.

Apomixia apomixis paternal apomixis involves replacement of the genetic material of egg by the pollen that of egg.

In gametophytic apomixisthe embryo arises alomixis an unfertilized egg cell i. In flowering plants, the term “apomixis” is commonly used in a restricted sense to mean agamospermyi. Polyembryony is the phenomenon of two or more embryos developing from a single fertilized egg.

Apomixis and Polyembryony in Flowering Plants

Although the evolutionary advantages of sexual reproduction are lost, apomixis can pass along traits fortuitous for evolutionary fitness. Agamospermy, asexual reproduction through seeds, occurs in flowering plants through many different mechanisms [5] and a simple hierarchical classification of the different types is not possible.

Formation of extra embryos through sporophytic budding is called adventive polyembryony. Plant reproduction Asexual reproduction. Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

Synergids and antipodal cells may also form embryos. Around 20 genera of gymnospores undergo polyembryony, termed ” cleavage polyembryony,” where the original zygote splits into many identical embryos. In adventitious embryony sporophytic apomixisan embryo is formed directly not from a gametophyte from nucellus or integument tissue see nucellar embryony.


Explaining the larger seed bank of an invasive shrub in non-native versus native environments anc differences in seed predation and plant size. By polyembryonu this site, you polyembrgony to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Thus “normal asexual reproduction ” of plants, such as propagation from cuttings or leaves, has never been considered to be apomixis, but replacement of the seed by a plantlet or replacement of the flower by bulbils were categorized as types of apomixis.

Polyembryony and apomixis in Eriotheca pubescens (Malvaceae – Bombacoideae).

In plants with independent gametophytes notably fernsthe term is still used interchangeably with “apomixis”, and both refer to the formation of sporophytes by parthenogenesis of gametophyte cells.

In non-recurrent agamospermy, the embryo is haploid.

Embryo development into seedlings depended on their weight at germination, but polyembryonic seeds germinated and produced up to seven seedlings per seed in greenhouse conditions. Polyembryony also occurs in Bryozoa. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” https: The number of embryos per seed varied between fruits and individuals but was significantly higher in seeds from cross-pollinations than from selfs, although fruit and seed set after crosses were much lower than after selfs.

However, the origin of polyembryonic seeds and their importance for the reproduction of the species remained to be shown. Read this article to learn about the apomixis and polyembryony in flowering plants!

Email alerts New issue alert. Apomixis occurs in at least 33 families of flowering plants, and has evolved multiple times from sexual relatives. Armadillos are the most well studied vertebrate that undergoes polyembryony, with six species of armadillo in the genus Dasypus that are always polyembryonic.


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In Embryology of angiosperms. In botanyapomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproductionwithout fertilization. The genus Citrus has a number of species that undergo polyembryony, where multiple nucellar-cell-derived embryos exist alongside sexually-derived embryos.

Hand-pollination experiments and embryological studies have confirmed the occurrence of non-pseudogamous apomixis, nucellar polyembryony and autonomous endosperm formation for the first time in this plant, which is presently threatened by over-exploitation. Annals polydmbryony Forest Science.

Latest Most Read Most Cited Root poltembryony shoot variation in relation to potential intermittent drought adaptation of Mesoamerican wild common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. A Case Study from Polystichoid Ferns.

In some genera, it is possible to identify and name hundreds or even thousands of microspecies, which may be grouped together as species aggregatestypically listed in floras with the convention ” Genus species agg. Embolism resistance in stems of herbaceous Brassicaceae and Asteraceae is linked to differences in woodiness and precipitation.

Considerable confusion has resulted because diplospory is often defined to involve the megaspore mother cell only, but a number of plant families have a multicellular archesporium and the megagametophyte could originate from another archesporium cell.

They are therefore often called microspecies. An apmixis feature of the female nine-banded armadillo’s reproductive tract may explain why her litters consist of four genetically identical offspring”.

A number of cereals and vegetables are being raised by using hybrid seeds. Gametophytic apomixis in flowering plants develops in several different ways. Agamospermy occurs mainly in two forms: