P.N Bhagwati, J.— The petitioner is an organisation dedicated to the cause of release of bonded labourers in the country. The system of bonded labour has. Bandhua Mukti Morcha (BMM) or Bonded Labour Liberation Front (BLLF) is a non-governmental organisation in India working to end bonded labour. Based in New Delhi, it was founded in by Swami Agnivesh who continues as its chairman. Bonded labour was legally abolished in India in but remains prevalent, in India is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v · t · e. Bandhua Mukti Morcha of India, (3) SCC (Para 4) 2. S.P. Gupta v. Union of India, (2) SCR (Para 3). JUDGEMENT: O R D E R 1.

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Compulsory education, therefore, to these children is one of the principal means and primary duty of the State for stability of the democracy, social integration and to eliminate social tensions.

In Unni Krishnan, J. Sign up for a free trial.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha versus Union of India AIR 1984 SC 802

We, therefore, reiterate the directions given therein as modcha and inevitable. Bandhua Mukti Umkti v. A dust sucking machine. However, in the Judges Appointment and Transfer Case [3] the Supreme Court took the view that where a person or class of persons to whom legal injury is caused by reason of violation of a fundamental right is unable to approach the court for judicial redress on account of poverty or disability or socially or economically disadvantaged position, any member of the public acting bona fide can move the Court under Article 32 or Article of the Constitution, so that the fundamental rights become meaningful not only for the rich and the resourceful but umkti for the masses who are living inda life of destitution, lack of awareness and resources.

As in the present case there is violation of the fundamental right of liberty of the workmen who are said to be kept in wrongful and illegal detention and employed in forced labour, Article 32 is attracted. Total banishment of employment may drive the children and mass them up into destitution bahdhua other mischievous environment, making them vagrant, hard criminals and prone to social risks etc.


The Central Government is directed to convene the meeting within two months from the date of receipt of the order. These directions may be summarised as follows: The writ petitions are, accordingly, disposed of subject to the above directions.

Abdul Banvhua, Senior Advocate and A. K Bhattacharya and N. This Court appointed two Advocates as Commissioners to inquire into the indka conditions of the stone quarry workers with particular reference to the cases mentioned in the writ petition. No Case or Topic can be added. To this end, and having regard to the relevant provisions of other international instruments, State parties shall in particular a provide for a minimum age or morha ages for admission to employment; b provide for appropriate regulation v.unoin the hours and conditions of employment; c provide for appropriate penalties or other sanctions to ensure the effective enforcement of the present article.

The Government of Haryana will instruct the District Magistrates to take up the work of identification of bonded labour as one of its top priority tasks.

K Dhingra, Advocates, for Respondents 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9. Srivastava, Director General of Labour Welfare in the Ministry of Labour to inquire into the matter again and furnish a report on the degree to which the directions issued by the Court had received compliance.

In the mines of Sh. Grave danger is inherent in a practise where a mere letter is entertained as a petition from a person whose antecedents and status are unknown.

Some workers from the list given by the petitioner had left and gone elsewhere and in their place some others had come.

The fundamental rights may be alleged to have been violated under various circumstances.

To get attention for a matter of this type from the Court is bound to take some time. That led to the appointment of Mr. Human Rights Watch, Small Change: S Natchippan and Ms K.


Bandhua Mukti Morcha Vs. Union of India & Ors. – Court Verdict

The poor and the disadvantaged and also a citizen acting pro bono public cannot possibly produce relevant material before the Court in v.uunion of their case. To require a school to be built in such an area where there may not be adequate number of children for the purpose of schooling at the expense of the State exchequer may not be appropriate.

The Court further cited the case of Frances Mullin [7] wherein it was held that Article 21 includes the right to live with human dignity, free morchha exploitation. A letter bandha to this Court complaining about prevalence of bonded labour system in Cutton, Anangpur and Lakkarpur areas of Faridabad District in Haryana State wherein the stone quarries workers are living in most inhuman conditions, was treated as a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution.

No attention has been bestowed by the inspecting authority or the labour law enforcers to secure improved conditions of working. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha versus Union of India AIR SC – LawSchoolNotes

Enforcement of the Decision and Outcomes: Immediate ban of mogcha labour would be both unrealistic and counter-productive. That no fundamental right of the petitioner or of the workmen on whose behalf the petition is filed is infringed. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, who was far ahead of his time in his wisdom projected these rights in iindia Directive Principles including the children as beneficiaries. Swami Agnivesh at whose instance this Court had registered the proceeding had undertaken to supply a list of unrehabilitated bonded labourers.