Vadyba ir valdymas pagal ekonomikos terminų žodyną planavimą, organizavimą, motyvavimą ir kontrolę organizacijos tikslams pasiekti. Fabijonas Saulius Butkus. Vilnius Gediminas Technical F. S. Butkus. number of professionals in .. Butkus, F. S. Vadyba: organizacijos veiklos ope-. Socialiniai mokslai, vadyba ir administravimas (03 S) . Lithuanian researchers Butkus (), Butkus (), Šalčius (), Zakarevičius (), . Probleminių žmonių motyvavimas kaip organizacijos potencialo panaudojimo didinimo.

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This concern led to such an improvement of living standards that some scholars heralded the birth of the Soviet consumer society. This artistic and intellectual trend was banned after the New Economic Policy NEP, — failed in the late s. Berg, To summarize, in interwar Lithuania, most important cultural organizafijos and cultural initiatives were generated by private individuals and public associations and not by the government.

I told the informants that I would record and fully transcribe the interviews and promised to keep the personalities of my informants as anony- mous as possible.

Darbas. Vadyba. Gyvenimas by Fabijonas Saulius Butkus

Lietuvos istorijos instituto leidykla, It was often the case that the head of a library would be replaced with a nearly illiterate communist. The archives reveal that the reason for his dismissal was his failure to put down the Lithuanian armed resistance to the Soviet occupation. Rusian Essays on Visual Culture, eds. However, one should not look for a particular coherence in cultural policy concepts: The end of the mass deportations and arbitrary terror of the NKVD also contributed towards an acceptance of harsh but predictable rules.

Berg, ; also John B. The economic rationali- sation of culture, it argues, created important preconditions for the further trans- lation of cultural policy in cybernetic terms.


Darbas. Vadyba. Gyvenimas

In my opinion, this was a clear sign btukus culture was about to be rationalised as a domain governed by economic logic and run in accordance with scientific rationality. The Soviet press, as Thomas C.

The state, ruled by the Com- munist Party, was postulated as the only patron of the arts; it was responsible for providing artists and other cultural workers with salaries, workplaces and homes, and was eager to engage them in its plans to transform society. Lithuanian is used in the orvanizacijos spelling, except when the names are better known in their anglicised versions, like Shtromas and Misiunas.

Instead, they either concerned the largest organisational sectors or were added in relation to the prioritised economic strategy that prevailed at the time. Misiunas and Taagepera, 49, Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 5, no.

The aim of the chapter is to highlight the general features of Soviet cybernetic governance discourse as it negotiated between Party ideology, Western organisation and management theories, cybernetic orgainzacijos, and the costs of technology. This entails try- ing to understand what mobilises the domains or entities to be gov- erned: Some Features of the Soviet Economic System To begin with, Oragnizacijos would like to briefly point out two important aspects of the Soviet economic system — first, the ideological importance of centralised plan- ning and, second, the significance of formal organisation.

It is appropriate to note that the Fordist assembly line came to prevail in Soviet industry only in the late s. The fact that the main re- sponsibility was within society was often articulated: Ogganizacijos their view, the main varyba was nutkus the formation of a Lithuanian SS legion. Mainly relying on published studies, this chapter argues that both the Soviet and independent Lithuanian governments saw the organizacljos of the cultural sector as a positive thing.


The study of things Soviet always implies additional issues of data reliabil- ity. My informants occupied positions which were much superior to that of my own. The Beginnings of Soviet Lithuanian Cybernetics Unlike the All-Union ministers of culture, several Lithuanian ministers had received educations in the arts or humani- ties: The original transliteration was retained in texts quoted in English.

Did their approaches differ? To dominate is to ignore or to attempt to crush the capacity of action of the dominated.

They sought to unite inter- ested individuals who wanted to develop their private interests but also to en- gage in public action. This situation had to change for a number organizaciojs reasons. Finnish Literature Society, While this chapter deals with both sides of Soviet cultural policy, I prefer not to abide by either of the normative judgments. He was organizaciojs ambassador to orgsnizacijos Nether- landsalso being a representative of the Soviet Union at the International Agency for Nuclear Energy in Vienna Lietuva69, It could be understood as being formed by administrative structures and managerial techniques, which were configured through a particular discourse on the cybernetic butous of cul- ture.

By the same decree Gossnab was merged with Gosprodsnab and Gosplan. When doing fieldwork in Lithuania, I received friendly support from a number of institutions and people. A World of Governance: Culture enlightenment commissions at the regional ex- 78 Lietuva According to its regulations, the ministry was the middle tier in the outlined hierarchy of rule.