Thermex will meet your precise carburizing or carbonitriding specifications, or recommend the optimal process or combination of processes based on the alloy . Also low-pressure carbonitriding (LPCN) is possible. During this process type, the carbon and nitrogen transfer does not normally take place simultaneously. The carbonitriding process, which involves the diffusion of both carbon and nitrogen into the base steel, can be carried out in a salt bath or in a furnace gas.

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The lower temperature allows oil quenching, or even gas quenching with a protective atmosphere. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Carbonitriding alters only the top layers of the workpiece; and does not deposit an additional layer, so the process does not significantly alter the dimensions of the part. Suitable for low carbon carbonktriding or low alloy steels Produces a hard, wear-resistant surface Case depth can range from 0. Corrosionpedia explains Carbonitriding Carbonitriding involves the addition of carbon 0.

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It is possible to use both carbonitriding and carburizing together to form optimum conditions of deeper case depths and therefore performance of the part in industry. During the process, atoms of carbon and nitrogen diffuse interstitially into the metal, creating barriers to slipincreasing the hardness and modulus near the surface.

History of ferrous metallurgy List of steel producers. The process applied is initially carburizing to the required case depth up to 2. Please note Java is cxrbonitriding and is not required. Nitriding for Corrosion and Carbobitriding Fatigue Resistance.

Pattern welding Damascus steel Crucible steel Tatara furnace Cementation process. Thermex will meet your precise carburizing or carbonitriding specifications, or recommend the optimal process carbonitricing combination of processes based on the alloy grade and intended use of the part. Views Read Edit View history.


Successful carburizing and carbonitriding both demand precise control of the treatment process. Iron and steel production. Random microhardness case depth surveys ensure that process specifications are being met. Temperature uniformity surveys of furnaces are also completed. Carbonitriding is often applied to inexpensive, easily machined low carbon steel to impart the surface properties of more expensive and difficult to work grades of steel.

Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references. An excess of nitrogen in the work piece can cause high levels csrbonitriding retained austenite and porosity, which are undesirable in producing a part of high hardness. Gas carburizing is ideal for improving the surface hardness and wear resistance of low carbon mild or low alloy steels such as, Certain pre-industrial case hardening processes include not only carbon-rich materials such as charcoal, but nitrogen-rich materials such as ureawhich implies that traditional surface hardening techniques were a form of carbonitriding.

Retrieved from ” https: Liquid nitriding is suitable for a wide variety of carbon steels, low alloy steels, tool steels, cast irons, and stainless steels. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Typical thickness is around 0.

This process is used to develop hard, wear-resistant surfaces. Contact Thermex for more information on our carburizing and carbonitriding services.


After diffusion time the components are immediately quenched in oil. Thickness cannot be carbonitrriding rapidly, as diffusion is diminished once the top layer is carbonitrided.

The parts are then oil quenched, and the resulting part has a harder case than possibly achieved for carburization, and the addition of the carbonitrided layer increases the residual compressive stresses in the case such that the contact fatigue resistance and strength gradient are both increased. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.


Nitrogen is adsorbed into the surface and diffuses into the work piece along with carbon. Carburizing Carburizing is a surface hardening treatment that produces a hard, wear-resistant layer case on the part surface.

Carbonitriding is a metallurgical surface modification technique that is used to increase the surface hardness of a metal, thereby reducing wear. Carbonitriding is ideal for carbonitriiding a thin, high hardness case that gives the part improved wear resistance, strength, and increased resistance to softening at elevated temperatures.

What is Carbonitriding? – Definition from Corrosionpedia

To begin, it has a carbonjtriding resistance to softening during tempering and increased fatigue carbonnitriding impact strength.

Process quality control measures include: Process Selection and Quality Control For both carburizing and carbonitriding, the optimum case depth will depend on the intended service. This article needs additional citations for verification. Carbonitriding is a surface modification process that involves diffusion of carbon and nitrogen atoms into interstices small spaces in the surface of metal.

Will using wet abrasive blasting instead of dry eliminate dust? Test coupons of matching material are run with all carburizing and carbonitriding loads.

Profess depth can range from as low as 0. Carburizing is a surface hardening treatment that produces a hard, wear-resistant layer case on the part surface. Carbonitriding tends to be more economical than carburizing, and also reduces distortion during quenching. Smelting Bloomery produces sponge iron Blast furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron.

Definition – What does Carbonitriding mean?