Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
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Entrevistas concedidas em 03 e 11 abr. Most do not meet environmentally safe MSW disposal levels because of a lack of sanitary landfills.
Since there is no Federal Agency that centralizes this d, we conducted a survey in all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District. We got reply with completed questionnaire from 29 Consortia 8 from the Northeast, 14 from the Southeast, and 7 from the South. However, municipalities, the smaller ones, face difficulties for SWM: Municipal Solid Waste Management: Considering that the major goal of the 29 Consortia is the final disposal of solid waste and, consequently, the construction of landfills, it is motive of concern the low proportion of studies on territorial characteristics, land use occupation and distance between the municipalities in the answers of the 29 Consortia.
The decisions in the area of municipal solid waste management are not only capital intensive, secreto also tough from the environmental and social points of view. It is identified a policy failure in the case of not considering that if there is a lack of Plans and technical capacity, the objectives of the Law in predicting this priority in access 744 resources would be not achieved.
Lessons from the Brazilian Experience. Waste Management, 26, decrsto Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia. Through these procedures we identified 77 Consortia: However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to resources as an incentive for the formation of Consortia. International Tax and Public Finance, 14, In applying criteria for public policy evaluation upon SWM for Public Consortia in Brazil we had some useful insights into Consortia implementation issues.
The international concern in relation to solid 4704, household solid wastes, has increased due to increase in production and to inadequate management and disposal areas. In addition, it focuses in small municipalities, which present greater difficulties in the provision of MSWM services-lack of resources, infrastructure and technical capacity.
However, considering the low percentage of those who reported having one of the Plans, it is assumed that this is not the case.
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Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land. The results indicate that decgeto following items must be considered in implementing SWM through Public Consortia: In particular, one of the biggest problems in densely urbanized areas, especially in metropolitan areas, is the lack of appropriate decfeto to have the waste properly disposed.
The Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans 3 is a key issue of the law, and should include diagnostic studies on solid waste generation, identify favorable areas for disposal, regional solutions and opportunities for consortia solutions, operating rules, technical training activities, actions with the participation of interest groups, the costing system, collection forms of service delivery, identifying environmental liabilities and remedial measures, among others Brazil, a 4.
In Table 4 we summarize a proposal of what should be considered in each criterion for evaluating SWM through Public Consortia based upon the 74004 experience. These priorities include the reduction of waste generation, reducing final disposal on the ground, maximizing reuse, the selective collection and recycling, composting and energy recovery.
The lack of municipal technical capacity was evident throughout the research, confirmed by the answers of the Consortia. Decrreto places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation.
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In this context, transversely policies among ministries and government agencies are essential. In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities. The survey of existing Public Consortia for SWM was conducted from January to May based upon responses received by email, phone contacts, internet searches, review of academic papers on specific Consortia, municipal laws, reports and State Integrated Plans.
Size class of municipalities per Brazilian region from the 29 Consortia. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient? In this context, these municipalities through regional shared initiatives have sought solutions to meet the requirements of the PNRS, reducing costs and providing shared public services.
Why municipalities and states create Consortia for a shared SWM? Thus, despite some limitations, the approval of PNRS in marked a new stage in public policy of SWM in Brazil because it standardizes the processes and duties to be fulfilled by individuals, companies and governments nationwide. Contato por e-mail em 27 mai. In recent years, several norms and the National Policy on Solid Waste 1 -PNRS on its Portuguese acronym have provided a legal framework for the solid waste management sector.
The Law of PNRS, in general terms, brings the concepts of shared responsibility, inclusion of waste pickers and hierarchy-not generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, solid waste treatment and environmentally adequate disposal of waste.
Elaborated by authors based upon data from this research.
There is a need to develop and implement a simple, but reliable tool that will help mayors in this process. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. However, when the research started, it was found that there was no information available on the main characteristics and problems faced by Public Consortia for MSWM in the country. Regulamenta a Lei n We sought to identify the Public Consortia for existing MSWM in Brazil and conduct a case study with 29 Public Consortia, rising, through the answers obtained, the main characteristics and the problems faced by this instrument of the PNRS.
In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results. Criteria for evaluating public policy: If these Consortia come into operation inthey ce four to five years from the first phase of discussion and to the second phase of execution.
However, this incentive does not ensure the efficiency of Consortia because other variables are involved and there are new possible restrictions on the access to financial resources. Regulamenta a Lei no