EMVA is an electronic measurement standard developed by the European Machine Vision Association (EMVA). Its purpose is to define the methods to. For detailed EMVA performance results with QE curves please download the Imaging Performance Specification PDFs located under the “Documents” tab . In an effort to not only simplify our imaging performance test methods but also provide trustworthy measurements for comparison, FLIR adopted the EMVA .

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The percent of photons converted to electrons at a particular wavelength by the sensor. What does this really mean? A sensor with a high quantum efficiency means the sensor is more efficient at turning incoming light to an electrical signal. A higher QE means a greater sensitivity for detecting light; this is particularly beneficial to most applications but is especially beneficial in low-light applications.

In addition, certain sensors may be geared towards better sensitivity at different wavelength ranges. Depending on your application certain QE results at certain wavelengths might be more important than others. For example, higher QE in the near-IR range – nm is important in low-light traffic monitoring. What affects the results? Results are inherent of a manufacturer’s sensor design.

Newer sensors, such as Sony Pregius sensorstend to have higher QE.

EMVA – Wikipedia

Noise in the sensor when there is no signal. Lower temporal dark noise means a cleaner image.

All sensors exhibit some level of temporal dark noise. Temporal dark noise is caused by the electronics on the sensor. Temporal dark noise is not affected by exposure time. Note that emvz dark noise does not include shot noise. Results are inherent to both sensor and camera manufacturer’s design. Newer sensors take advantage of techniques to lower temporal dark noise.

EMVA Data Overview | Basler

Camera manufacturers can futher reduce noise through lowering the pixel clock and turning off certain electronics around the sensor such as FLIR’s low noise imaging mode.


Amount of charge that a pixel can hold. Each pixel is like a well or bucket that can hold electrons. Saturation capacity shows the maximum number of electrons that an individual pixel can store and is, in general, related to a sensor’s pixel size.

The higher the saturation capacity the higher the potential dynamic range. The lower the number the faster the pixel will reach maximum charge.

If you imagine all the pixels reaching saturation capacity it would basically show as a white screen on your monitor. Saturation capacity on its own isn’t a perfect metric to base sensor 2188 on because temporal dark noise and quantum efficiency work in relation to it for dynamic range and signal to noise ratio results. Results are inherent to the manufacturer’s sensor design. Newer sensors with improved pixel designs will have higher saturation capacity results.

In general though, the larger the pixel size the more likely the saturation capacity will be higher. Ratio between the signal at saturation versus the noise at saturation. Noise at saturation is predominantly shot noise. The higher the number the more emca and clarity you’ll have in the image in relation to the noise in the image.

For example, if you have a SNR of 1, the object you’re imaging will be indiscernible to the noise in the image. A high signal to noise ratio is an important specification for very low light applications such as darkfield microscopy and fluorescence imaging. Temporal dark noise, shot noise, quantum efficiency and saturation capacity results will affect the ratio.

Ratio between the signal at saturation versus the minimum signal the sensor can measure. The higher the number the more levels of grayscale detail emfa achieve in the image. In other words, dynamic range describes the camera’s ability to detect the maximum and minimum of light intensities shadows and highlights.

Models with higher dynamic range can detect more detail in the darks and lights.

Outdoor applications such as surveillance, where both very bright and dark areas are being imaged at the same time, or autonomous e,va, in which cameras are exposed to rapidly changing lighting conditions, will benefit from a higher dynamic range as they are wmva able to gather useful data in very bright and very dark scenes.


Temporal dark noise, quantum efficiency and saturation capacity results will affect the ratio. Number of photons needed to have signal equal to noise.

The lower the number the better the camera can detect useful imaging data out from the noise of the camera. This specification is more important for applications in very low light situations. Unlike looking at just QE or temporal dark noise, absolute sensitivity threshold gives a better understanding of low light performance because it already takes into account the QE and temporal dark noise of the sensor along with shot noise.

EMVA 1288 — Machine Vision Test Standard

Absolute sensitivity threshold takes into account both temporal dark noise, shot noise and the quantum efficiency of the sensor. Parameter indicating how big a change in electrons is needed fmva observe a change in 16bit ADUs better known as grey scale. To understand this specification better, imagine a 16 bit grey scale chart. In order for the sensor to register a jump to the next grey level you would need a specific number of electrons.

This is what this specification describes. Results are inherent to sensor and camera manufacturer’s design. Saturation capacity and the specified ADU in this case, we use 16 bit will change the results. Our office is closed Dec 25, 26 and Jan 1.

Order processing may be delayed. Other Helpful Resources for Choosing a Camera: Where can I find camera sensor results? Why is the EMVA standard important? How to Evaluate Camera Sensitivity.