Teff: Teff, (Eragrostis tef), annual cereal grass (family Poaceae), grown for its tiny nutritious seeds. Teff is native to Ethiopia and Eritrea, where it is a staple food. Eragrostis tef is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to. Comprehensive Description. The millet known as tef (Eragrostis tef) is a minor cereal crop on a global scale, but a major food grain in Ethiopia and Eritrea.

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Panicles bear spikelets. Phylogenetic tree showing the relationship among natural accessions and improved varieties of tef.

Teff produces nutritionally rich grain, comparable to or better than wheat, barley and maize National Research Council Molecular genetic map and QTL analysis of agronomic traits based on a Eragrostis tef x Eragrostis pilosa recombinant inbred population.

Carbohydrates According a research report by Bultosa for 13 teff grain varieties, the proximate compositions and flour-starch amylose contents were in some ranges: The distribution eragrostiz these protein fractions varies among different cereals and there is considerable variation in the solubility classes among the cereals.

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Harvesting after physiological maturity may result in seed shattering, especially in windy and wet conditions. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in by a new dictionary see [ ]. It is known eragrosits proline residues are responsible for the affinity towards proanthocyanidins and take part in the production of aromatic compounds and, in this way, influence beer quality.

Enzymes Enzymes, particularly amylases, are responsible for the degradation of starch molecules during mashing. Proteomics 7 — Role of dietary calcium and dairy products in modulating adiposity.

Phenotypic diversity for qualitative and phenologic characters in germplasm collections of tef Eragrostis tef. Research findings indicated that Gesho regulates the microflora responsible for the fermentation process Kleyn and Hough Int Arch Allergy Immunol.


Published online Mar eragroatis Diversity due to Agro-Ecology Significant clinal diversity was reported in tef germplasm populations collected from different altitudinal zones for traits such as days to maturity, number of yef nodes, first and second basal culm internode diameter, and harvest index Assefa et al.

Drought Tolerance in Modern and Wild Wheat. Tef is possibly the smallest cereal grain, with an average length of about 1 mm. Thus, a high consumption of calcium eraggrostis foods will help build optimum bone mass during childhood and adolescence and will also slow the rate of bone loss that naturally occurs with aging Dickinson The crude fiber for DZ-Cr 2.

The first studies on phenotypic diversity in tef germplasm used single panicles collected from the major tef producing areas in Ethiopia as a source of seed. Varieties of tef forage with a relatively low copper content are available, making it a suitable forage for sheep Miller, Mapping QTLs related to plant height and root development edagrostis Eragrostis tef under drought.

The high fiber content of the grain makes it to be useful in preventing diabetes and other health problems as well as assisting with blood sugar control. Research bulletin no 1.

Other studies further confirmed that the level of genetic diversity is higher in tef germplasm within a region than between regions, and as a result, accessions that had originated from the same region and altitude were grouped eragrostiis distinct and distant clusters Assefa et al.

Acceptability of teff hay by horses. Characterisation of the major prolamins of teff Eragrostis tef and finger millet Eleusine coracana J Cereal Sci. Increasing food production in Africa by boosting the productivity of understudied crops.

Eragrostis tef Tef PFAF Plant Database

Amino acid composition of the cereal gef and related species of Eragrostis Graminae. Chemical composition of tef Eragrostis tef compared with that of wheat, barley and grain sorghum.


The unsaturated fatty acids are not only important for our nutrition, especially as some cannot be synthesized by humans essential fatty acidsbut also play important role in the production of beer. Demands for tef grain by Hef diasporas, health conscious and gluten intolerant individuals in industrialised countries have led to an increased production of tef internationally Miller, ; Crymes, ; Baye, Teff is mainly cultivated in Ethiopia and Eritreawhere it originates.

Eragrostis tef

Some other phenolic compounds such as protocatechuic Tef grain is a staple food in Ethiopia and tef straw, the main by-product of tef grain production, is a basal component of livestock diets in this country. Tef is now considered a luxury cereal and its consumption is mostly done by urban dwellers, as most rural people are unable to afford tef and rely mostly on less expensive grains to make their injera.

Calcium is the most common mineral in our body and is indispensable for the strength of the skeleton and hardness of teeth. Eragrostiz the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their eragroatis. Teff appears to be another interesting eragfostis. It can grow in places prone to drought after short rains Tefera et al.

The field can be subsequently rolled.

Eragrostis tef – Wikipedia

Cereal grains and by-products. Hope and Heartbreak in Humanitarian Assistance. Teff is used for many applications including products such as injera and tella. Trotter germplasm from western and southern Ethiopia. Utah State University Extension. Today, while rarely grown specifically for forage tev Ethiopia, tef is cultivated for hay in other countries, notably South Africa, Australia and the USA Baye,