The Division Of Nature (Periphyseon). John Scotus Eriugena. Book I. TEACHER: Often I investigate as carefully as I can and reflect that of all things which can. John Scotus Eriugena (c/) Works (Selected List). Periphyseon ( The Division of Nature, ) Such is the first division of nature into genera. Eriugena is mainly remembered for his volu- minous work the Periphyseon [On Nature] or, in its Latin title, De Divisione. Naturae [The Division of Nature).

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Uhlfelder, Myra and J. Divisikn may be demonstrated by a species of being which participates in the goodness of God. Eriugena articulates the view that God’s becoming human His incarnation or inhumanisation is balanced cosmologically by humans becoming God in deification deificatioGreek: According to Erigena, the being of all things is a participation in the universal reality of God.

For if Christ Who understands of all things, Who indeed is the understanding of all things, really unified all that He assumed, who doubts then that what first took place in the Head and principal Exemplar of the whole of human nature will eventually happen in the whole? Erigena claims that each species of being is good to the extent that it participates in the goodness of a higher species of being. It is a long work, comprising five books, in the literary form of a dialogue between master and pupil.

Not only does divine authority not forbid it, it counsels us to seek knowledge of both visible and invisible things.

John Scottus Eriugena

God’s mind, understood as the logos or verbumcontains in one undivided Form all the reasons for every individual thing. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Eriugena celebrates the lack of limit and inherent transcendence not just of human nature but also of the whole of nature.

For He alone truly is, and everything which is truly thd to be in those things which are, is God alone. Thus, in the Periphyseon IV. The fourth species of nature refers to the final return of all things to unity in God. On the Division of Nature.


These reasons rationeslogoi are productive of the things of which they are the reasons.

Christian theology, philosophy and existence God: This is Erigena’s point from first to last, and if we rightly hear the echo of Denis in this section, we are also hearing what will remain the orthodox view.

The passage can also be construed as a defense of the use of reason, that is, rational argumentation, in the interpreting of Scripture. He later taught at Laon, France.

The discovery of Dionysius had a profound effect on Eriugena’s thinking. The uniquely incarnate Word leads fallen humankind back to God.

Part II: The Carolingian Renaissance

Nonetheless, Erigena’s influence on later men was significant, though in a somewhat underground fashion. The Philosophy of John Scottus Eriugena. Eriugena believes he has articulated the universality and comprehensive nature of humanity but not its uniqueness in this definition. Eine theologisch-philosophische Studie zu seinem WerkFrankfurt: The Philosophical System of the Periphyseon Eriugena’s masterpiece is undoubtedly the Periphyseon written c.

Books Four and Five, originally planned as one book, discuss the return epistrophereditusreversio of all things to God. The Philosophical System of the Periphyseon 3. Moreover, while Erigena employs in surprising ways the Pauline statement that God will be all in all, his firm view on the transcendence of God scootus the vast difference between eriuhena and creatures is as clear as anyone could wish in his treatment of the failure of our names to express what God is.

These causes in turn proceed into their Created Effects and as such are creatures entirely dependent on, and will ultimately return to, their sources, which are the Causes or Ideas in God. Opera Omnia in Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes.

Eriugena’s account ranges widely, treating of the creation of man, the Fall and the consequent division of the sexes, the meaning of human nature as made in the image and likeness of God in imaginem et similitudinem deithe nature of paradise to which perfected human nature will return, the nature of the devil and of evil will. But Eriugena is never a slavish follower – he departs from Augustine on several points, including on the question of the purely spiritual nature of paradise: Iohannis Scotti seu Eriugenae Periphyseon Primary Causes or Ideas ; that which is created and does not create i.


All Being is divksion in the infinite unity of God. The new Jeauneau edition is based on six manuscripts, including two manuscripts, Paris Bibl.

John Scottus Eriugena (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

The term of this process is that God be all in all, a motif Eriugena picks up from I Cor. Erigena also claims that God created the world from formless matter, and that God created formless matter from nothingness. He is beyond our ken, incomprehensible, accessible only indirectly and imperfectly by way of his lf. The form of exposition is that of divsion ; the method of reasoning is the syllogism.

Apart from having a minor influence in France dkvision the ninth century, Eriugena’s cosmological speculations appear too conceptually advanced for the philosophers and theologians of his time, and his philosophical system was generally neglected in the tenth and eleventh centuries.

As joh patterns or ideas of external creatures, they can be called causes. The whole spatio-temporal world and our corporeal bodies are a consequence of the Fall, an emanation of the mind. Bibliography Eriugena’s Works Barbet, Jeanne This composite version disguised the gradual evolution of the text and Jeauneau is of the opinion that this mixed type of edition is inadequate to the needs of scholarship.

The work is arranged in five books. Life and Writings 1. Eriugena’s uniqueness lies in the fact that, quite remarkably for a scholar in Western Europe in the Carolingian era, he had considerable familiarity with the Greek language, affording him access to the Greek Christian theological tradition, from the Cappadocians to Gregory of Erlugena, hitherto almost entirely unknown in the Latin West.