Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

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Who was Jyotirao Phule? | Who Is News, The Indian Express

It cannot be said that he succeeded in the task for, the stories are full of improbable and strange facts. Many young widows, from the upper-caste spent their days in the orphanage. He is credited with introducing the Marathi word dalit as a descriptor for those people who were outside the traditional caste system. This article needs additional citations for verification.

In de Souza, Teotonio R. Inhe gave a concrete shape to his aspirations and opened the first ever school for iyotirao. Jyotirao attended primary school and then left further schooling to do his family work of growing and selling flowers. Phule saw Ramathe hero of the Indian epic Ramayana pule, as a symbol of oppression stemming from the Aryan conquest. Deshpande edSelected Writings of Jotirao Phule, pp.

He also wrote books for the Satyashodhak Samaj that dealt with history of Brahminism and outlined Puja protocols that pule lower caste people were not allowed to learn. Drawing inspiration from the American struggle for independence, he thought deeply on humanitarian values of equality and freedom.


Jyotiba realized the importance of education and felt that the society can emerge out of darkness only when every individual has access to education.

Who was Jyotirao Phule?

Modem education is essential. Jyotiba firmly believed that ‘if you want to create a new social system based on freedom, equality, brotherhood, human dignity, economic justice and value devoid of exploitation, you will have to overthrow the old, unequal and exploitative social system and the values on which it is based’.

Retrieved from ” https: Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was born in in Satara district of Maharashtra. He was born as Jyotirao Phule in Satara district of Maharashtra.

He was married as a young boy to Savitribai who was just nine years old. His work related mainly to eradication of untouchability and caste system, emancipation and empowerment of women, reform of Hindu family life. However, a Christian convert from the same Mali caste as Phule recognised his intelligence and persuaded Phule’s father to allow Phule to attend the local Scottish Mission High School.

Since he had been born into a so-called lower caste family, he had experienced the tortures and injustices rooting out of the caste system first hand.

Being poor, they cannot afford education. Since they were ostracized by their community, they stayed in the home of their friend Usman Sheikh and his sister Fatima Sheikh, in whose premises the school was run. He 14 Radhakrishnan, S. On 24 SeptemberPhule formed Satyashodhak Samaj to focus on rights of depressed groups such women, and the Shudrajytoirao the Dalit.

Remembering Jyotirao Phule: The Pioneer Of Girls’ Education In India

The biography of Jotirao is the biography of a great man of action. The Satyashodhak Samaj dedicated towards the removal of socio-economic backwardness of Dalits was even supported by Chhatrapati Shahu, the Maratha ruler of Kolhapur state. Perhaps the biggest legacy of Mahatma Jyotirao Phule is the thought behind his perpetual fight against social stigma that are enormously relevant still.


Jyotirao Phule is credited with jyotirxo the Marathi word Dalit, meaning broken or crushed to describe those who belonged to lower caste and outside the traditional caste or varna system. Phule is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra.

He undertook a systematic deconstruction of existing beliefs and history, only to reconstruct an equality promoting version. Inhe formed Satya Shodhak Samaj with the aim of liberating bahujans and shudras lower casteprotecting them from exploitation and atrocities and attaining them equal status in the society.

Remembering the pioneer of women’s education in India: Contributions by Jyotirao Phule

The Mahatma Phule Museum in Pune was set-up in honour of the great reformer. They also helped to start the school in their premises. Phule participated in the customary marriage procession, but was later rebuked and insulted by his friend’s parents for doing that. Phule’s great-grandfather worked as a chaugula, a lowly type of village servant, in that village but had to move to Khanwadi in Poona district after exploitation by Brahmin with whom he had a dispute.

Later they also started schools for children from Dalit castes of Mahar and Mang.