Lumbar laminectomy is the removal of the lamina or roof of the vertebra to provide enough space for the nerves to exit the spinal canal. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. It is a major spine. Artrodesis vertebral posterior (lumbar). ¿Qué es? La artrodesis vertebral posterior (fusión intervertebral) es una cirugía para fusionar dos o más huesos de la.
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This article is about the complete removal of a lamina. When the disabling symptoms of spinal stenosis are primarily neurogenic claudication and the laminectomy is done without spinal fusion, there is generally a rapid recovery and long term relief.
Laminectomia Lumbar | Blausen Medical
Views Read Edit View history. Neurosurgery Orthopedic surgical procedures Surgical removal procedures.
Removal of substantial amounts of bone and tissue may require additional lhmbar such as spinal fusion to stabilize the spine and generally require a much longer recovery period than a simple laminectomy. A common type of laminectomy is performed to permit the removal or reshaping of a spinal disc as part of a lumbar discectomy. This page was last edited on 16 November laminectojia, at From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
The lamina of the vertebra is removed or trimmed to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves and thecal sac.
Depending on the problem, smaller alternatives, e. March Learn how and when to laminectomi this template message. It is a major spine operation with residual scar tissue and may result in postlaminectomy syndrome.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Back surgery can relieve pressure on the spine, but it is not a cure-all lumbxr spinal stenosis. Surgery does not stop the degenerative process and symptoms may reappear within several years. This is a treatment for a herniatedlumbbar, or degenerated disc. With spinal fusion, the recovery time may be longer. Upper view of a human vertebra, showing the lamina.
The actual lamminectomia removal may be carried out with a variety of surgical tools, including drills, rongeurs and lasers. For some people, recovery can take weeks or months and may require long-term occupational and physical therapy.
A laminectomy performed as a minimal spinal surgery procedure is a tissue-preserving surgery that leaves more of the muscle intact and spares the spinal process. A laminectomy can treat severe spinal laminwctomia by relieving pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, provide access to a tumor or other mass lying in or around the spinal cord, or help in tailoring the contour of the vertebral column to correct a spinal deformity such as kyphosis.
Surgical treatment that includes a laminectomy is the most effective remedy for severe spinal stenosis; however, most cases of spinal stenosis are not severe enough to require surgery.
Retrieved December 20, Retrieved from ” https: According to a World Health Organization census inmost patients who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy recovered normal function within one year of their operation. Femoral head ostectomy Astragalectomy Distraction osteogenesis Ilizarov apparatus Phemister graft. A laminectomy is also the name of a spinal operation that conventionally includes the removal of one or both lamina, as well as other posterior supporting structures of the vertebral column, including ligaments and additional bone.
Laminectomy – Wikipedia
Although the literal meaning of laminectomy is ‘excision of the lamina’, a conventional laminectomy in neurosurgery and orthopedics involves excision of the posterior spinal ligament and some or all of the spinous process. Another procedure, called the laminotomy, is the removal of a mid-portion of one lamina lumbsr may be done either with a conventional open technique or in a minimalistic fashion with the use of tubular retractors and lumbat.
There may be considerable pain immediately after the operation, and pain may persist on a longer term basis. The recovery period after a laminectomy depends on lumbsr specific operative technique, laminecgomia minimally invasive procedures having significantly shorter recovery periods than open surgery.
The pair of laminae, along with the spinous process, make up the posterior wall of the bony spinal canal. Retrieved 19 December In some cases after laminectomy and spinal fusion, it may take several months to return to normal activities. Most commonly, a laminectomy is performed to treat spinal stenosis. Arthrotomy Arthroplasty Synovectomy Arthroscopy Replacement joint imaging: Articles lacking in-text citations from March All articles lacking in-text citations All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Spinal decompression and Foraminotomy.
The reason for lamina removal is rarely, if ever, because the lamina itself is diseased; rather, it is done to break the continuity of the rigid ring of the spinal canal to allow the soft tissues within the canal to: This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
In most known cases of lumbar and thoracic laminectomies,  lsminectomia dead ,aminectomia ] patients tend to recover slowly, with recurring pain or spinal stenosis persisting for up to 18 months after the procedure.
A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the laminawhich is the roof of the spinal canal. The success rate of a laminectomy depends on the specific reason for the operation, as well as proper patient selection and the surgeon’s technical ability.
Spinal stenosis is the single most common diagnosis that leads to spinal surgery, of which a laminectomy represents one component.