Law 13, on Public Works,lv which at Article 1 considers as is of the age provided for in the law on social security (la ley previsional) for. Tema(s): Seguridad social. Tipo de legislación: Ley. Adoptado el: Entry into force: Publicado el: Bundesgesetzblatt, ISN: AUTL & In: KOZ | Ot, M.J., WHAT LEY, F.R. (ed.).
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The new PPP framework gradually came into force over the past few years with the issuance of: Inthe DBJ held several workshops to review concession agreements and closed the Kingston Container Terminal project. In Bulgaria, European structural and investment funds are currently the preferred source of financing for new oey, including highways, water and sanitation, with PPPs deployed mainly for the maintenance of facilities or service delivery.
This is problematic given widespread opposition to privatisation, with which PPPs are often confused, and distrust of foreign investors.
These include projects governed by the Renewable Energy Law lye the first phase of the Red-Dead project to refill the Dead Sea from the Red Sea, which is being prepared for tender.
These include a revitalisation programme for Port Tecun, the construction of a new State Administrative Center, the revitalisation of La Aurora International Airport, an lfy highway construction project, a road rehabilitation project and the construction of a new railway system in Guatemala City. The government tendered the Norman Manley Airport project inbut did not receive any bids for it.
The country is seeking to accede to the OECD, and 1304 of the regulations serves as an acknowledgment that it aims to improve its PPP laws and regulations. Two new resolutions No. Ecuador Overview of the infrastructure sector and PPPs The State Modernisation Act of —which encouraged private-sector participation in infrastructure investment through concessions—was rolled back after the Constitution gave the government of Ecuador control of strategic sectors, including energy, transport and water, and declared that only by exception can the development of these sectors be delegated to private entities.
Besides lwy regulations, there are two main laws.
Infrascope – Measuring the enabling environment for public-private partnerships in infrastructure
Heavy reliance on donors for PPP funding is a further weakness, and more private investors are needed if Egypt is to realise the necessary financing to achieve its infrastructure goals.
To date, under this new framework, the Ministry of Transport and Public Works has been the most active in developing and awarding projects: This aims to promote public-private infrastructure projects and applies to any government entity at the national or sub-national level.
Summary of the enabling environment for PPPs The PPP environment 1304 evolved in the past decade into a more organised and structured framework. For example, while the CNC may have been developed as a PPP unit, it has not adequately acted as such due to high levels of lfy fragmentation. The lack of investor confidence in the country following the sovereign debt default in December resulted in a lack of PPP projects since It also periodically evaluates contingent liabilities.
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Honduras has a comprehensive legal framework that is conducive to PPP implementation under various contract types. At the regulatory level, the PPP Law is somewhat untested, with no projects implemented so far and thus limited expertise on its application. The small number of projects executed so far under the PPP law also indicates limited implementation experience. Streamlining the institutional and legal framework of public works agencies would appear to be one of the key challenges for the country.
El Salvador is also exposed to extreme natural disasters and climate issues that have severely damaged infrastructure. The work has supported national goals to promote sustainable development by improving transport infrastructure and increasing renewable energy capacity.
Measuring the enabling environment for public-private partnerships in infrastructure
In opening up to these markets and presenting the new law on PPP contracts, the government aims to boost investment in infrastructure through PPPs. The PAG describes, in broad strokes, the anticipated role of PPPs as the dominant mode of public procurement over the next five years, while the law provides a comprehensive framework for announcements, concessions, contract management, reporting and the establishment of regulatory bodies.
Political instability and a volatile currency have discouraged private infrastructure investment in the past.
Despite the progress achieved in the normative arena, the PPP framework still requires strengthening as it does not include a PPP unit with proven technical capacity to support the relevant public parties during the PPP cycle lsy develop more specific manuals and methodologies to guide the evaluation process ie, eligibility criteria, value for money methodologyamong other challenges.
Political instability, and elections inpresent further challenges for the adoption of the Concession Act and the tendering of PPPs.
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Argentina Overview of the infrastructure sector and PPPs Argentina remains heavily underinvested in infrastructure. With no dedicated body to implement PPP infrastructure projects and no project development fund, there is also a lack of experience in structuring PPPs using international best practices. Main challenges for PPP infrastructure development A primary challenge in terms of developing PPPs is implementing and managing the PPP process, which is complex and lacks transparency.
As noted above, Jamaica has a comprehensive legal framework for the identification, development, assessment, implementation and management of PPPs.
An additional challenge for Colombia, as well as for other LAC countries, is lack of transparency, which creates additional obstacles for the financial closure of PPP projects 4G due to increasing reputational risk for financers. Burkina Faso has been setting up a legal framework conducive to PPPs since Templates for the request for proposals or for PPP contracts do not yet exist.
This discourages authorities from engaging in the complex process of preparing and implementing projects as PPPs. The government of Georgia is developing PPP legislation, and there is strong political support for private partnerships in providing public services such as healthcare and education.
Despite the improving legal and institutional framework, there is room for enhancing implementation capacity and improving project oversight. Main challenges for PPP infrastructure development Although Chile is one of the most active countries in the region in terms of PPPs, it is now facing a turning point in terms of their 130064.
Currently the main challenges are: This is crucial to strengthening stakeholder involvement, improving the expertise of public officials and producing a clear project pipeline for investors. In general Brazil has struggled to bridge its infrastructure gap.