The reform of the “Ley de vagos y maleantes” (“Vagrancy Act”) declared homosexuality illegal, equating it with procuring. The text of the law declares. This is a list of notable events in the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) The reform of the “Ley de vagos y maleantes” ( “Vagrancy Act”) declared homosexuality illegal, equating it with procuring. The text of the. The present Ley sobre Vagos y Maleantes, Law of Vagrants and Crooks, which dates from , permits the administrative detention for up to.
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UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. In Februarythe delegates found the prison’s facilities to be grossly inadequate.
After this, the authority has 48 hours to determine whether he or she is guilty or not before issuing a sentence. Therefore, we establish by this law, that if any man whosoever, of any age, or race, whether he belongs to the clergy, or to the laity, should be convicted, by competent evidence, of the commission of the crime of sodomyhe shall, by order of the king, or of any judge, not only suffer emasculationbut also the penalty prescribed by ecclesiastical decree for such offences, and promulgated in the third year of our reign.
Memorandum to the GovernmentAI Index: Retrieved November 15, This movement, along with growth of the gay rights movement in the rest of Europe and the Western world was a large factor in making Spain today one of Europe’s most socially tolerant people.
Ricardo Donis was stabbed by inmates at the Casa Amarilla that same day and died of his knife wounds. The present Law of Vagrants and Crooks, which dates frompermits the administrative detention for up to five years, without judicial appeal vagoss review, of people deemed by the police to be vagks threat to society, but against whom there is no evidence of punishable crimes that may stand in a court of law  In practice it means that someone can be detained simply on suspicion of being a “vagrant” or a “crook”.
Este principio no limita los mandatos de autoridad judicial competente dictados por incumplimientos de deberes alimentarios. He was nonetheless detained under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks, and taken to the Comandancia General del Estado Araguathe General Commander’s Mleantes in Aragua, where he remained in detention for 15 days.
LGBT history in Spain – Wikipedia
The law classifies as Vagos or vagrants, those out of work, or allegedly working in illicit professions “constituting a threat to society”  ; those profiting from prostitution or from illegal activities attempting against the public moral or customs; loiterers and others promoting idleness; and those begging for money under religious pretexts, employing minors and the mentally-ill for begging or pretending to be physically disabled or sick in order to beg.
If applied repeatedly on the basis of the same police record, there is nothing in law that can stop a virtual life sentence on the individual.
The procedure applicable to the detainees shows little improvement from that used in the Law of Vagrants and Crooks. Languages Italiano Edit links. Everyone convicted of a crime shall have the right to his conviction and sentence being reviewed by a higher tribunal according to law.
While the Venezuelan Government has repeatedly acknowledged that the Law of Vagrants and Crooks infringes the Venezuelan Constitution and the country’s obligation to uphold ratified international human rights instruments, the Law of Vagrants and Crooks continues to be applied by most Venezuelan state authorities.
No one shall be deprived of his physical liberty except for the reasons and under the conditions established beforehand by the constitution of the State Party concerned or a law established pursuant thereto.
The majority of these people are subsequently released after a few hours, but many are held under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks and kept for many days in cells in police stations and in prisons. Retrieved 11 February In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Views Read Edit View history. LGBT history in Europe.
However, the way the law was applied was clearly punitive and arbitrary: And although the authority of the Holy Scripturesand the censure of earthly laws, alike, prohibit offences of this kind, it is nevertheless necessary to condemn them by a new decree; lest if timely correction be deferred, still greater vices may arise. These people are referred to as “prisoners of conscience” POCs and Amnesty International works towards their immediate and unconditional release. Amnesty International is concerned that, unless the conditions in these prisons and centres are substantially improved, all complaints of torture and ill-treatment are investigated and those responsible are brought to justice, detainees under the LPSC will continue to suffer torture and ill-treatment at the hands of the security forces.
Amnesty International considers that the inclusion of articles 14 and 15 in the new LPSC preserves, in fact, one of the most disturbing features of the present Law maleatnes Vagrants and Crooks. Following the detention of a person under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks by the police, the detainee is sent before the prefecto  where he or she is interrogated and informed of the charges brought against malentes in the great majority of the cases the law is applied to men.
The Amnesty International delegation argued that this could lead to arbitrary and discriminatory interpretations of the law, including the detention of people holding peaceful demonstrations article 2[a]: Amnesty Vgaos welcomes the proposal to have local courts administer the LPSC, but remains concerned that the proposed LPSC contains a number of provisos, carried over from the Ley sobre Vagos y Maleantes which continue to be in breach of the same international standards as the Law of Vagrants and Crooks and which could lead to similar violations of human rights as those described in this document.
Hundreds of people are detained each year during police sweeps redadasparticularly in the poorer areas of large cities such as Caracas and Maracay. He was taken to a police station where he remained for five days and was then sentenced to a year’s imprisonment under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks. In MayPedro Nieves was arbitrarily detained during a police raid in his home town of Maracay. According to their views, those detained under this law have not committed any punishable crimes.
In practice it means that someone can be detained simply on suspicion of being a “vagrant” or a “crook”. Retrieved from ” https: The law’s definition of “vagrants” and “crooks” are so vague that they are open to arbitrary and discriminatory interpretations and practice.
Escovar Salom in May Amnesty International believes, however, that practices that compromise fundamental civil rights and contravene the international human rights obligations of Venezuela cannot be accepted as legitimate law enforcement or crime prevention measures. However, in the s clandestine gay scenes began to emerge in Barcelonaan especially tolerant maleqntes under Franco’s regime, and in the countercultural centers of Ibiza and Sitges a town in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia avgos, that remains a highly popular gay tourist destination.
Anyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention shall be entitled to take proceedings before a court, in order that that court may decide without delay on the lawfulness of his detention and vagoa his release if the detention is not lawful. Attitudes in greater Spain began to change with the return to democracy after Franco’s death through a cultural movement known as La movida. In the case of juvenile persons, the procedure shall be such as will take account of their age and the desirability of promoting their rehabilitation.
Inmates told Amnesty International that corporal punishment was routinely applied against them. In the determination maleantse any criminal charge against him, everyone shall be entitled to the following minimum guarantees, in full equality:. In another example, Article 2 b specifies the contravening behaviours as those “acts which threaten the morals or the respectable customs [of society]” ” Anyone who has been victim of unlawful arrest or detention shall have an enforceable right to compensation.
Anyone who is arrested shall be informed, at the time of the arrest, of he reasons for his arrest and shall be promptly informed of any charges against him. In summary, Amnesty International remains concerned that the proposed LPSC contains a number of provisos, carried over from the Ley sobre Vagos y Maleanteswhich continue to be in breach of the same international standards as vags Law of Vagrants and Crooks and which could lead to similar violations of human rights as those described in this document.
No one shall be detained for debt. The Commission should include members of both governmental and non-governmental organizations, such as human rights groups, popular sectors, academics, lawyers and the Church.
Although the LPSC specifies the right of the defendant to legal counsel, it imposes time constraints similar to those found in the Law of Vagrants and Crooks.